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Natural Resources Canada commissioned a UNA (user needs assessment) study for the CGDI (Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure) to build upon previous work and understand the current requirements of Canadian CGDI users, including data users and suppliers, with special attention paid to the requirements of Indigenous organizations. In response to the findings of the Assessment, the CGDI analysis ready data ‘Starter Kits’ concept was established to help CGDI users to quickly get started and begin to obtain value out of geospatial datasets available through the CGDI. The curation of content and datasets addresses the common challenge faced by new users regarding which datasets to access and use to get started with GIS and the CGDI. The Open Government Portal has over 71,000 datasets under the “Nature and Environment” theme. This vast number of datasets provides a barrier to novice users when deciding which datasets they should use. Within the context of the CGDI, the data for the Starter Kits comes primarily from Federal and Provincial suppliers, e.g., Open Government of Canada and Provincial/Territorial agencies that are part of the Canadian Council on Geomatics. To embrace the benefits of the CGDI, where possible, datasets are integrated into the Starter Kits using spatial web services (e.g., WMS or WFS), to limit the size of the data package and ensure that users always have access to the latest data being provided by the supplier. For both the ArcGIS and QGIS Starter Kits, for several layers scale dependency is used so that detailed datasets only appear when the user zooms into the map to a certain scale in some cases. To generate the CGDI Starter Kit concept, four kits were developed organized into four areas or categories: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Climate Change, and Water Resources. For BC and NWT, base datasets are grouped thematically as follows: Administrative Boundaries; Settlements; Hydrology; First Nations/Inuit; Protected Areas; Forestry; Land Cover/Land Use; Wildlife; Mining; Oil and Gas; Elevation; Infrastructure; Base imagery; For Climate Change and Water Resources, base datasets are grouped thematically as follows: Administrative Boundary; Natural Events; Settlements; Elevation and Hillshade; Infrastructure; Critical Habitat; Base imagery; Base hydrology. Additional select data sets focused on the themes of water resources and climate change are also compiled and included. Example datasets include: Groundwater (e.g., aquifer vulnerability): Marine (e.g., shoreline classification); Surface Water (e.g., National Hydro Network);Snow and Ice (e.g., permafrost) Water Quality (e.g., Canadian Aquatic Biomonitoring Network -CABIN); Adjusted and Homogenized Canadian Climate Data (AHCCD); PRISM Data for BC (e.g., Precipitation, Max and Minimum Temperation); Climate Atlas of Canada; Arctic Ocean currents; Spatial distribution of hillslope thermokarst Agri-Environmental Indicator – AEI (e.g., Air Quality, GHG budget, etc.); Meteorological Service of Canada (e.g., Geospatial Web Services 2.8.0); Climate Normals 1981-2010; Adapt West Climate Adaptation Data. Each Starter Kit is “a start” and should not be considered a comprehensive compilation of geospatial data. Its purpose is to stimulate users to search for and obtain additional datasets as needed (supported using other recipes in the CGDI Cookbook).
This entry provides access to surficial geology maps that have been published by the Geological survey of Canada. Two series of maps are available: "A Series" maps, published from 1909 to 2010 and "Canadian Geoscience Maps", published since 2010. Three types of CGM-series maps are available: 1)Surficial Geology: based on expert-knowledge full air photo interpretation (may include interpretive satellite imagery, Digital Elevation Models (DEM)), incorporating field data and ground truthing resulting from extensive, systematic fieldwork across the entire map area. Air photo interpretation includes map unit/deposit genesis, texture, thickness, structure, morphology, depositional or erosional environment, ice flow or meltwater direction, age/cross-cutting relationships, landscape evolution and associated geological features, complemented by additional overlay modifiers, points and linear features, selected from over 275 different geological elements in the Surficial Data Model. Wherever possible, legacy data is also added to the map. 2)Reconnaissance Surficial Geology: based on expert-knowledge full air photo interpretation (may include interpretive satellite imagery, DEMs), with limited or no fieldwork. Air photo interpretation includes map unit/deposit genesis, texture, thickness, structure, morphology, depositional or erosional environment, ice flow or meltwater direction, age/cross-cutting relationships, landscape evolution and associated geological features, complemented by additional overlay modifiers, points and linear features, selected from over 275 different geological elements in the Surficial Data Model. Wherever possible, legacy data is also added to the map. 3)Predictive Surficial Geology: derived from one or more methods of remote predictive mapping (RPM) using different satellite imagery, spectral characteristics of vegetation and surface moisture, machine processing, algorithms etc., DEMs, where raster data are converted to vector, with some expert-knowledge air photo interpretation (training areas or post-verification areas), varying degrees of non-systematic fieldwork, and the addition of any legacy data available. Each map is based on a version of the Geological Survey of Canada’s Surficial Data Model (https://doi.org/10.4095/315021), thus providing an easily accessible national surficial geological framework and context in a standardized format to all users. "A series" maps were introduced in 1909 and replaced by CGM maps in 2010. The symbols and vocabulary used on those maps was not as standardized as they are in the CGM maps. Some "A series" maps were converted into, or redone, as CGM maps, Both versions are available whenever that is the case. In addition to CGM and "A series" maps, some surficial geology maps are published in the Open File series. Those maps are not displayed in this entry, but can be found and accessed using the NRCan publications website, GEOSCAN:(https://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca). The "view on map" functionality provides a geospatial index of each published map, overlaid on a colour-coded map of Canada's surficial geological features described in the "Surficial geology of Canada" map (https://doi.org/10.4095/295462, 2014). Each geospatial polygon (footprint) points to a page in the Geoscan repository (Natural Resources Canada), each page displaying a link to a ZIP file which contains the map (PDF/JPEG), the corresponding geospatial data (raster images, shape files, legends) and possibly field data information. The geospatial index can also be downloaded as ESRI GeospatialDataBase (GDB) and MXD files.
Data provided shows grants and contributions provided to Canadian firms by National Research Council (NRC) and its Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) between April 1, 2023 and March 31, 2024.
Data provided shows grants and contributions provided to Canadian firms by National Research Council (NRC) and its Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) between April 1, 2021 and March 31, 2022.
The Indigenous Mining Agreements dataset provides information on the Indigenous communities signatory to agreements, the types of agreements negotiated, exploration projects and producing mines.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) established a regulated area as part of its efforts to eradicate the Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB). With the regulation of this area, there are restrictions on the movement of nursery stock, trees, logs, lumber, wood, wood chips and bark chips from certain deciduous trees identified as hosts of the ALHB and firewood of all species. These restrictions are necessary to prevent the spread of the ALHB. This protects Canada's environment and forest resources, and also helps keep international markets open to the forest industry and nurseries in non-regulated parts of Ontario and in the rest of Canada.
Data provided shows grants and contributions provided to Canadian firms by National Research Council (NRC) and its Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) between April 1, 2020 and March 31, 2021.
Data provided shows grants and contributions provided to Canadian firms by National Research Council (NRC) and its Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) between April 1, 2022 and March 31, 2023.
This interactive map is a collaborative project by the Geographical Names Board of Canada, illustrating a curated selection of places in Canada with names that have origins in multiple Indigenous languages. The names selected show the history and evolution of Indigenous place naming in Canada, from derived and inaccurate usage, to names provided by Indigenous organisations. Many Indigenous place names convey stories, knowledge, and descriptions of the land. By celebrating these names through this map, the Geographical Names Board of Canada hopes to increase the awareness of existing Indigenous place names and help promote the revitalization of Indigenous cultures and languages. Many more Indigenous place names exist in Canada and will be added in future releases of this map. The content of this map is a compilation of information obtained from many current and historical sources. The Geographical Names Board of Canada does not warrant or guarantee that the information is accurate, complete or current at all times. For more information, to report data errors, or to suggest improvements to this application, please contact the Geographical Names Board of Canada Secretariat.
This interactive map commemorates Canada’s participation in armed conflicts at home and abroad by highlighting a sample of the many geographical features and places named for those that served our country. These commemorative geographical names help us remember war casualties, soldiers, sailors, airmen and airwomen, military leaders, and civilians recognized or decorated for outstanding acts of bravery and sacrifice in battle. These names also commemorate notable battles in which Canada participated, and Canadian military units, regiments, squadrons, and ships in which Canadians served. Federal, provincial and territorial members of the Geographical Names Board of Canada provided these commemorative names for the development of the map. Many more commemorative place names exist in Canada, and will be added in future releases of this evergreen interactive map. If you would like to contribute names to this project, please contact the Geographical Names Board of Canada Secretariat at Natural Resources Canada.