Geographic data

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  • Group of neighbouring municipalities joined together for the purposes of regional planning and managing common services (such as police or ambulance services). These groupings are established under laws in effect in certain provinces of Canada. Census division (CD) is the general term for provincially legislated areas (such as county, municipalité régionale de comté and regional district) or their equivalents. In other provinces and the territories where laws do not provide for such areas, Statistics Canada defines equivalent areas for statistical reporting purposes in cooperation with these provinces and territories. Census divisions are intermediate geographic areas between the province/territory level and the municipality (census subdivision). Census divisions (CD) have been established in provincial law to facilitate regional planning, as well as the provision of services that can be more effectively delivered on a scale larger than a municipality. In Newfoundland and Labrador, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, provincial or territorial law does not provide for these administrative geographic areas. Therefore, Statistics Canada, in cooperation with these provinces and territories, has created equivalent areas called CDs for the purpose of disseminating statistical data. In Yukon, the CD is equivalent to the entire territory. Next to provinces and territories, census divisions (CD) are the most stable administrative geographic areas, and are therefore often used in longitudinal analysis.

  • This dataset includes all MPMO projects at various stages in the review process, including those that are currently undergoing review and those that have completed a review.

  • This collection is a legacy product that is no longer maintained. It may not meet current government standards. The correction matrices for the National Topographic Data Base (NTDB), also known under the acronym CORMAT, are products derived from the planimetric enhancement of NTDB data sets at the 1:50 000 scale. The correction matrix enables users to enhance the geometric accuracy of the less accurate NTDB. The matrix is a set of points arrayed on a regular 100-m grid. Each point describes the planimetric correction (DX, DY) to be applied at this location. The position of the points is given in UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator projection) coordinates based on the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) . Each file constitutes a rectangular area covering the entire corresponding NTDB data set. Its delimitation corresponds more or less to National Topographic System (NTS) divisions at the 1:50 000 scale. All NTDB data sets at the 1:50 000 scale whose original accuracy was less than 30 m can thus be geometrically corrected. A CORMAT data set contains a list of coordinates and the corresponding corrections to be applied in the form X Y DX DY. Related Products: [National Topographic Data Base (NTDB), 1944-2005](

  • Location of geomagnetic observatories of Canada maintained by the Canadian Hazard Information Service. For more information regarding Geomagnetism Canada, visit

  • Here is a selection of web services displaying the geographic boundaries of the most common administrative and statistical areas published by Statistics Canada. Administrative areas are defined, with a few exceptions, by federal and provincial statutes and are adopted by Statistics Canada to support the collection and dissemination of data. Administrative areas supported by Statistics Canada include: Province and territory (PR) Federal electoral district (FED) Census division (CD) Census subdivision (CSD) Designated place (DPL) Statistical areas are defined by Statistics Canada to support the dissemination of data. They are created according to a set of rules based on geographic attributes and one or more characteristics of the resident population. Some statistical areas maintained by Statistics Canada include: Census agricultural region (CAR) Economic region (ER) Census consolidated subdivision (CSS) Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration (CMA/CA) Census tract (CT) Aggregate Dissemination Areas (ADA) Dissemination area (DA) Dissemination block (DB) To have a better understanding of the relationships between these areas, refer to the "Hierarchy of standard geographic areas for dissemination" diagram in the Data Resources below. NOTE: Services may not all be listed in the Related Products section below as they are added individually only once available for publication.

  • This product provides the variability index for selected drainage regions in Canada. Variability is measured using a coefficient of variation (CV) to compare all months over a 42-year time period and is a measure of the dispersion or variation in the monthly yield values from 1971 to 2013 (and 1971 to 2012 for drainage region 1). It is defined as the ratio of the standard deviation to the mean or the standard deviation divided by the mean, with higher CVs indicating more variability in monthly water yields. The monthly variability was not calculated for drainage regions 5, 7, 8, 16, 17, 18, or the Labrador portion of 25.

  • This product provides runoff data with each contour line corresponding to an average amount of annual runoff (in millimeters). Runoff data were derived from discharge values from hydrometric stations with natural flows. Not all years are included for every region of the country due to data quality and availability issues. Data cover the period 1971 to 2013 for the south and 1971 to 2004 for the north. These files were produced by Statistics Canada, Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division, 2017, based on data from Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2015, Water Survey of Canada, Archived Hydrometric Data (HYDAT), wsc/default.asp?lang=En&n=4EED50F1-1 (accessed December 3, 2015); Spence, C. and A. Burke, 2008, “Estimates of Canadian Arctic Archipelago runoff from observed hydrometric data,” Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 362, pp. 247–259. For more information about methods, results and limitations see Appendix D in Statistics Canada, 2017, “Freshwater in Canada,” Human Activity and the Environment, Catalogue no. 16-201-X. The purpose of the dataset is to present runoff values as derived from Statistics Canada's Water Yield Model on a national scale map of 1:32,000,000. This product is intended to be used for reference or mapping purposes. The product ends at the shoreline of Canada as defined by the drainage region boundaries supplied for drainage regions of Canada. It does not include the Arctic Islands.

  • Here is a selection of map services from Statistics Canada displaying socio-economic variables as thematic maps, viewed by census subdivision. This selection covers the following themes: families and households, housing, education, language, income, immigration, aboriginal people, age and transport. Census subdivision (CSD) is the general term for municipalities (as determined by provincial/territorial legislation) or areas treated as municipal equivalents for statistical purposes (e.g., Indian reserves, Indian settlements and unorganized territories). Municipal status is defined by laws in effect in each province and territory in Canada. NOTE: Services by theme may not all be listed in the Related Products section below as they are added individually only once available for publication.

  • In 2018, the Earth Observation Team of the Science and Technology Branch (STB) at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) repeated the process of generating annual crop inventory digital maps using satellite imagery to for all of Canada, in support of a national crop inventory. A Decision Tree (DT) based methodology was applied using optical (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2) and radar (RADARSAT-2) based satellite images, and having a final spatial resolution of 30m. In conjunction with satellite acquisitions, ground-truth information was provided by: provincial crop insurance companies in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, & Quebec; point observations from the BC Ministry of Agriculture, & the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs; and data collection supported by our regional AAFC Research and Development Centres in St. John’s, Kentville, Charlottetown, Fredericton, Guelph, and Summerland

  • The National Pedon Database Summary Layer is a limited, vetted dataset of eight tables containing over a hundred soil properties. Additionally, the National Pedon Database Summary layer is only a subset of the information contained within the National Pedon Database holdings (NPDB).