Keyword

Agriculture

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  • The “Agri-Environmental Indicator (AEI) - Agricultural Particulate Matter Emissions (APMEI) - Total Suspended Particles (TSP) - 2011” dataset provides estimated net emissions of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 100 micrometers (including less than 2.5 micrometers (PM 2.5) and less than 10 micrometers (PM 10)) from agricultural lands for census years 1981 to 2011.

  • The “Municipal Solid Waste Biomass Inventory” dataset is a stand-alone product that provides information on the calculated amount of Municipal Solid Waste within each BIMAT grid cell that includes a population centre. Data was provided by National Research Council Canada, with estimates based on census data collected in 2016. This dataset was calculated using an area-weighted analysis between population centres across Canada, Municipal Solid Waste data and the Biomass Report Framework fishnet. It includes information for total residential municipal solid waste, total organic waste (food and yard) and total paper waste.

  • The “Biomass Agriculture Inventory 1-in-10 Probability” dataset is a table that contains the estimated 1-in-10 year low for agricultural residue yield and crop production for each Biomass Report Framework. It provides the tenth percentile values for the years 1985-2016. The table includes straw or stover information for barley, wheat, flax, oats and corn, and crop information for barley, wheat, flax, oats, corn, canola and soybean. This dataset also includes information about the type of tillage used in the area and demand for straw for cattle bedding and feed. These values are derived from Statistics Canada data. Additionally, the dataset includes the amount of agricultural residue calculated as necessary to remain on the field to prevent soil degradation. Soil degradation is determined by the type of tillage in use as well as the landscape of the area.

  • The “Biomass Inventory Cartographic Layer” dataset provides the information that is used with the Biomass Report Framework to generate a visual representation of the availability of agricultural and forestry biomass and municipal solid waste in Canada. In addition to yield and production information for biomass produced by the agricultural and forestry industries, this dataset also provides information about the demand for agricultural residues for cattle feed and bedding, tillage systems currently in use on agricultural lands, and land suitability for hybrid poplar and willow plantations that are grown specifically to produce biomass. Agricultural information includes the median annual residue yield and available residue amounts. Residue yields were calculated using crop-to-residue ratios. The available residue information includes the amount that is available after adjusting for the estimated demand of straw used for cattle feed and bedding. Forestry estimates include average residue production, based on forestry activities including permitted amounts of harvesting, mills in operation and mill production. Municipal Solid Waste information includes organic waste (food and yard), paper waste and total residential municipal solid waste (which includes organic and paper waste, among others).

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    The Agriculture Extent of Canada derived from the AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) was obtained from the GeoGratis web site (www.geogratis.ca). All polygons with an area less than 50 Km sq were eliminated by GeoGratis before we received the data. This product allows the user to see the significant areas of cropland and rangeland across Canada. The Agriculture Extent of Canada derived from the AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) was obtained from the GeoGratis web site (www.geogratis.ca). All polygons with an area less than 50 Km sq were eliminated by GeoGratis before we received the data. This product allows the user to see the significant areas of cropland and rangeland across Canada.

  • The Database of Reported Agricultural Parcels and Productions (DPDPD) consists of polygons in vector format representing the outline of the agricultural parcels that have been associated with the client files of La Financière agricole du Québec (FADQ) since 2003. The parcels are kept from year to year to form a bank of parcels covering as much territory as possible, regardless of whether the associated customer is active or not. For each insurance year, agricultural production is associated with the plots that active customers claim to grow. **This third party metadata element was translated using an automated translation tool (Amazon Translate).**

  • Crop rotation is an agricultural production and land management practice beneficial to sustainable agriculture in Canada. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) produces crop rotation data annually showing the crop rotations used within the agricultural extent of Canada for the last four complete growing seasons (based on available data). This data can be used by producers, land managers, and policy makers to assess current rotations to assist in future land management decisions.Crop rotation data is derirved from AAFC's publicly-available annual crop inventory data.

  • The Crop Stress Index is the ratio of actual evapotranspiration (AET) to potential evapotranspiration (PET) express as: CSI = 1-(AET/PET) AET and PET are calculated within the Versatile Soil Moisture Budget (VSMB) model using temperature and precipitation data and a crop-specific biometeorological time scale model to estimate growth stage (Robertson, 1968), with crop specific phenological and crop water extraction coefficients taken from Chipanshi et al 2013. The WDI ranges between 0 and 1, with a value closer to 1 indicating higher stress Crop Stress Index is modelled for each climate station using measured precipitation and temperature

  • Crop development stage in a numerical scale. All living organisms move from one stage of development to the next over time. For annual crops, it life cycle (growing season) completed within a year. Crop water use differs from one stage to another mostly due to the differences in the amount of green leaves, thus crop stage is closely related to its water consumption and water stress condition. Crop stages are mostly controlled by growing season heat accumulation and regulated by day-length crop some crops. The crop stages provided here are determined by a biometeorlogical time scale model (Robertson, 1968) for cool season crops (wheat, barley etc.) , and a Crop Heat Unit (Brown and Bootsma, 1993) algorithm for warm season crops (corn and soybean etc.).

  • This dataset is a rasterized version of the Soil Landscapes of Canada (SLC) dataset. Soil attributes in this dataset have been collated from SLC map polygons and follow the GlobalSoilMap.net standards and specifications at specified depth increments extending over the agricultural portion of Canada. Weighted averages of soil attribute properties are generated from existing soil horizon information to conform to recognized fixed depth increments. Soil attribute weighted means are calculated by using all the soil components based on their areal extent within each SLC polygon. The weighted mean averages of attributes are spatially represented by the grid along with the lowest and highest attribute values found within each polygon.